Cataract is a degeneration of the normal lens of the human eye.
Patients find a gradual reduction of vision and intense colors, as well as a continuous change of prescription glasses.
The causes of cataracts are multiple. It can be congenital or may appear later in life. It can be hereditary or it may be secondary after injury, radiation, chronic use of drugs such as steroids, etc.
The treatment of cataract is surgicalal and is done by phacoemulsification through a small incision of about two millimeters. Then we insert a new intraocular lens, which corrects optically the patient to be able to see clearly and ideally without the use of glasses. Surgery is sutureless and anesthesia done with drops, making the operation completely painless.
In case of presence of astigmatism in the eye, refractive surgery can be done and a special IOL is inserted which simultaneously corrects the astigmatism of the patient.
Alternatively, Laser could be used to make the surgery, but this is currently under development, and does not yet allow cataract surgery in all eyes.
An old and false perception that a cataract should be left to mature before surgery, has changed.
Because the lens is dissolved by ultrasound, it should be relatively soft so as not troubled the eye, because the ultrasound are in the form of vibrations and diffuse afflicting tissues, leading to risk complications.
Discuss with us your symptoms and proper management.